This field is used to setup exponent number display for floating point decimals (F) fields. Although it’s not that commonly used field type for display, then it’s important to know that you can manipulate how the field is displayed in ALV grid.
For example, the picture below, shows the results of the ALV output when EXPONENT field was set to 2.
Figure 32 ZDEMON_AIN_CL13 Results with P_EXP parameter value set to 2
On next picture the results of the ALV output when EXPONENT field was set to 3.
Figure 33 ZDEMO_AIN_CL13 Results with P_EXP parameter value set to 3
As you have noticed the value 2 572,25 that you can find in the internal table, will be shown differently but it’s showing exact the same number.